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Main pageHealth A-ZAnatomy → Skin
21.06.2014
Text prepared: Irina Kiriyenko
Skin

кожа

 

Definition

Structure

Right Doctor to Treat

 

 

 

Definition

The skin is the largest organ of the body, with a total area of about 20 square feet. The skin protects us from microbes and the elements, helps regulate body temperature, and permits the sensations of touch, heat, and cold. 

 

Structure

Skin has three layers:

  • The epidermis, the outermost layer of skin, provides a waterproof barrier and creates our skin tone.

  • The dermis, beneath the epidermis, contains tough connective tissue, hair follicles, and sweat glands.

  • The deeper subcutaneous tissue (hypodermis) is made of fat and connective tissue.

The skin’s color is created by special cells called melanocytes, which produce the pigment melanin. Melanocytes are located in the epidermis.

 

Right Doctor to Treat

Dermatologist, allergist, endocrinologist.

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