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General

Симптомы – это первые признаки надвигающегося недуга. Синдромы – это побочные последствия имеющейся, надвигающейся или вылеченной болезни.  Это разные понятия и путать их нельзя.

 

Симптом указывает на то, что необходимо срочно пройти обследование и начать лечение, а синдромы не указывают на конкретную болезнь, а являются дополнительным фактором, требующим, как правило, отдельного от основной болезни лечения. Часто синдром – последствия неправильного, нездорового образа жизни, или, например, нездоровых поступков. По сути, это тоже болезнь.

Articles

30.05.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Coma may be due to a variety of causes not directly related to diabetes. Diabetic coma is a state of unconsciousness that can put a patient at risk of brain damage or even death. It is triggered by either ...
28.05.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Heart failure occurs when your heart cannot pump enough blood to meet your body’s demand. This can be chronic, meaning it happens slowly over time; or it can be acute, meaning it happens suddenly. Approximately 15 million new ...
27.05.2014
    First  Literature           First aid  Results of treatment of acute coronary syndrome depends largely on the correct action to pre-hospital physician. The main task of emergency doctor - effective relief of pain and possibly an early reperfusion therapy. Treatment algorithm for patients with ACS: ...
26.05.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Ileus is a disruption of the normal propulsive ability of the gastrointestinal tract. Although ileus originally referred to any lack of digestive propulsion, including any bowel obstruction, up-to-date medical usage restricts its meaning to those disruptions ...
26.05.2014
    First aid  Literature               First aid Coma in internal diseases  • Pancreatic • uremic • Liver Diagnostic criteria • Availability of internal diseases • Poisoning by hepatotropic poisons • Specific halitosis (liver, ammonia) • mental disorders • Abdominal pain • Vomiting • ...
24.05.2014
      First aid Literature             First aid As urgent actions at a diarrhea it is possible can be considered prescribe of adsorbents: the activated coal, enterosgel, polyphepan. Antidiarrheal drug imodium 2 tablets at once, then 1 tablet after each episode of diarrhea. Antibacterials - ...
24.05.2014
      First aid Literature               First aid It is necessary to establish the constipation reason. As a symptomatic agent – a high cleansing enema. Water temperature should be room. You can add a little salt, thus creating, hypertonic solution. Can be used ...
23.05.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Primary aldosteronism, also known as primary hyperaldosteronism, is characterized by the overproduction of the mineralocorticoid hormone aldosterone by the adrenal glands, when not a result of excessive renin secretion. Aldosterone causes increase in sodium and water retention and potassium excretion ...
22.05.2014
        First aid Literature         First aid First of all, help needs for patients need a toxic liver disease. It consists in the immediate stopping of entering of toxic substance in an organism, fast neutralization and its removing (antidote therapy, described in detail in ...
21.05.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition When you breathe, you take in oxygen-rich air. This oxygen moves through the bloodstream and into the organs and tissues of your body. The respiratory (breathing) system also removes carbon dioxide from your blood. When you exhale, you release ...
21.05.2014
      First aid Literature               First aid Patients who at the time of the inspection note presyncope condition or fainting, it is necessary to give such position which will allow to provide the maximum cerebral blood flow, for example, to lay patient ...
19.05.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Acute adrenal crisis is a life-threatening condition that occurs when there is not enough cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands. The two adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys. They consist of the ...
15.05.2014
      First aid Literature               First aid Prescribe a diet with restriction of consumption of salt up to 1-1,5 g / day (treatment with diuretics 3-4 grams a day), fluid to 1-1,2 l, sometimes up to 600-...
15.05.2014
  First aid Used literature         First aid In the acute loss of vision the patient must be hospitalized in the ophthalmology department or, in the presence of additional symptoms (high blood pressure, sudden headache, nausea, dizziness) in the neurological department. Before the arrival of an ambulance ...
14.05.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Disaccharidases are enzymes the break down complex sugars (like lactose) into simple sugars (like glucose) so that the intestine can absorb the nutrients. A deficiency of these enzymes in the duodenum results in a range of gastrointestinal symptoms. The ...
13.05.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat     Definition In medicine, a coma is a state of unconsciousness lasting more than six hours, in which a person: cannot be awakened; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal sleep-wake cycle; and, does not ...
12.05.2014
       First aid Literature                 First aid Hospitalized patients with dehydration shock (DS) should be in the next intensive care units, general or infectious resuscitation. Unacceptable long-term transportation in infectious disease hospitals, which often explain the need for strict ...
12.05.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) is a complication of diabetes mellitus (predominantly type 2) in which high blood sugars cause severe dehydration, increases in osmolarity (relative concentration of solute) and a high risk of complications, coma and death. It ...
10.05.2014
    First Literature             First aid In the presence of precursors of the coma - the sweet tea, sugar, white bread. When coma intravenously injected 20-40 ml of 40% glucose solution. If no effect - 1 ml 0.1% solution of epinephrine hydrochloride subcutaneously. If ...
08.05.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), sometimes called by the older names benign intracranial hypertension (BIH) or pseudotumor cerebri (PTC), is a neurological disorder that is characterized by increased intracranial pressure (pressure around the brain) in the absence of a ...
08.05.2014
    First aid Literature             First aid At paralyses of some muscles urgent measures are necessary. So the paralysis of the diaphragm or all of the respiratory muscles, and bulbar paralysis, landry ascending paralysis, spinal amyotrophy Verdniga - Hoffmann, ascending myelitis, and others require emergency ...
07.05.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition The ketoacidotic coma is a loss of consciousness that occurs when the body is in ketosis. Ketosis is the condition where excessive ketone bodies are in circulation in the blood, and can cause a lowering of blood pH. This occurs ...
07.05.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a symptom-based diagnosis characterized by chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, bloating, and alteration of bowel habits. As a functional gastrointestinal disorder, IBS has no known organic cause. Diarrhea or constipation may predominate, or they may ...
06.05.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Myxedema coma is a state of decompensated hypothyroidism. The patient may have lab values identical to a "normal" hypothyroid state, but a stressful event precipitates the myxedema coma state, usually in the elderly. Primary symptoms of myxedema coma are ...
06.05.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat     Definition Pancreatic coma - a disturbance of consciousness due to deep dysfunction of the pancreas; develops i...
28.04.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Apoplectic coma develops most often in hemorrhagic stroke, at least - with a massive ischemic stroke (cerebral infarction). Primary cerebral coma observed in the elderly suffering from diabetes and hypertension, atherosclerosis of the brain. It develops when administered large doses ...
28.04.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Acute kidney failure occurs when your kidneys suddenly become unable to filter waste products from your blood. When your kidneys lose their filtering ability, dangerous levels of wastes may accumulate and your blood's chemical makeup may get ...
28.04.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Articular syndrome - practically universal manifestation of rheumatic diseases; its differential diagnosis is the basis of the definition of nosology, which means that there is justification for the choice of the therapeutic approach.   Right Doctor to Treat Rheumatologist (arthrology) Orthopaedics ...
25.04.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH; also known as pseudotumor cerebri [PTC] or benign intracranial hypertension [BIH]) is characterized by signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) in the absence of a space-occupying lesion. IIH most commonly occurs ...
24.04.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Flatulence is the state of having excessive stomach or intestinal gas. This can result in uncomfortable feelings of bloating, as well as increased belching (burping) or passing of gas from the rectum. Most people produce about 1-3 pints ...
23.04.2014
        First aid Used literature             First aid Treatment of patients with cyanosis is determined by the underlying disease. Quite often, mainly in acute cases, the presence of cyanosis may be an indication for oxygen therapy, intensification of treatment of the underlying ...
22.04.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Weight loss is a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue and/or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue. It can occur unintentionally due ...
20.04.2014
      First aid Literature              First aid The patient is subject to immediate hospitalization. Before the arrival of ambulance crews to ensure the airway and maintain hemodynamics (see Lung - cardiac resuscitation). Therapy of shock builds on the clinical stage of shock. In ...
19.04.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition A pneumothorax is an abnormal collection of air or gas in the pleural space that separates the lung from the chest wall and which may interfere with normal breathing. A primary pneumothorax is one that occurs without an ...
18.04.2014
      Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Ascites is a gastroenterological term for an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. The medical condition is also known as peritoneal cavity fluid, peritoneal fluid excess, hydroperitoneum or more archaically as abdominal dropsy. Although most commonly due ...
17.04.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition In hemorrhagic shock, blood loss exceeds the body's ability to compensate and provide adequate tissue perfusion and oxygenation. This frequently is due to trauma, but it may be caused by spontaneous hemorrhage (eg, GI bleeding, childbirth), surgery, and other ...
16.04.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Lactoacidotic coma  - can be a consequence of high doses of biguanide peroral antidiabetics - their induction of anaerobic glycolysis - contributes peripheral hypoperfusion (diabetic micro/macro-angiopathies) increasing anaerobic metabolism - low ability to compensate via hyperventilation in old people as well as ...
16.04.2014
          First aid Literature             First aid Nausea often occurs when a strong emotion, emotions, mostly negative, especially when aversion to food. In such cases, to facilitate the condition bring to the nose of cotton wool moistened in a solution of ...
15.04.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition In pregnancy, kidney disease has long been associated with adverse outcomes for both mother and fetus. With respect to the fetus, adverse outcomes include problems such as fetal prematurity, low birth weight, and neonatal death, For the mother, adverse ...
14.04.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the air spaces and parenchyma of the lungs. It leads to impaired gas exchange and may cause respiratory failure. It is due to either failure of the left ventricle of the heart to adequately ...
23.02.2014
        First aid. Right Doctor to Treat Used literature.           First aid. To protect the patient from possible injuries that may occur during falling and during convulsive twitchings of a body, to provide to him/her safety.To calm others.  To put under ...
15.02.2014
    First aid Literature           First aid You can start with non-drug methods for lowering the high temperature.  Prescribing of an additional amount of fluid necessary to any child with fever to prevent dehydration, easily occurs in children due to rapid breathing and ...
12.02.2014
    First aid  Literature                First aid At acute tussis. As acute infections of respiratory tracts (such as the main cause of acute cough) in most cases have the virus nature, use of antimicrobial agents for acute cough is of no benefit. It ...
09.02.2014
         First aid Literature           First aid At an acute fever in young patients without complicating factors, and at satisfactory general condition of subject, the routine use of antipyretics and antimicrobial agents aren’t usually shown because of it doesn't influencе ...
09.02.2014
      First aid  Literature            First aid At acute urinary retention (ischuria) emergency assistance is required - emptying the bladder by catheterization, a rubber catheter. Pre-enter, antispasmodic drugs (papaverine hydrochloride, platifillina subcutaneously). A metal catheter is not recommended for this purpose as you can ...
25.01.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition The term acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain of unclear etiology that is less than 24 hours in duration. It is in many cases a medical emergency, requiring urgent and specific diagnosis.      Right ...
20.01.2014
Определение понятия (Что это?) Причины Механизмы возникновения и развития (Патогенез) Клиническая картина (симптомы и синдромы) Диагностика Лечение К каким докторам обращаться Источники         Определение понятия В практике врача нередко встречается ситуация, когда у больных со стенокардией, ИМ, плевропневмонией развивается симптомокомплекс, напоминающий острую патологию органов брюшной полости. ...
05.01.2014
  Определение понятия (Что это?) Причины Механизмы возникновения и развития (Патогенез) Клиническая картина (симптомы и синдромы) Диагностика Лечение   Источники     Определение понятия Ожирение — избыточное накопление жира в организме, приводящее к увеличению массы тела на 20 % и более от средних нормальных величин («идеальная» масса тела). ...
05.01.2014
        First  Literature                 First aid In acute urinary retention required emergency assistance – evacuation bladder by catheterization. To this end, the ambulance surgeon makes catheterization of the bladder rubber catheter. Pre-enter, antispasmodic drugs (1 ml 2% solution of ...
07.11.2013
  First  Literature          First aid At chronic or small hemoptysis arising acute as a rule emergency care isn’t required. During pulmonary hemorrhage and copious hemoptysis the pulmonary circulation should be unloaded: one needs to give the patient half-sitting position with legs down, braids on ...
01.11.2013
    First aid Literature                 First aid Patient should be awake, if possible, and interview on the taking of insulin, narcotics, anticoagulants, other drugs, which are released under the prescription, suicidal attempt, a recent injury, headache, epilepsy, mental diseases, the health status ...
01.11.2013
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat             Definition Chronic fatigue syndrome is a complicated disorder characterized by extreme fatigue that can't be explained by any underlying medical condition. The fatigue may worsen with physical or mental activity, but doesn't improve with rest. ...
31.10.2013
Definition First aid Right Doctor to Treat   Definition Hepatomegaly is the condition of having an enlarged l iver. It is a nonspecific medi cal sign having many causes, which can broadly be broken down into infectio n, direct toxicity, hepatic t umours, or metabolic d isorder.  Splenomegaly ...
30.10.2013
     Definition First aid Right Doctor to Treat Literature       Definition Cramps - is a sudden involuntary contraction of the muscles. Cramps are the result of excessive pathological impulses emanating from the central nervous system and is often accompanied by disturbances of consciousness, sensory, autonomic, and emotional ...
30.10.2013
    Definition First aid Right Doctor to Treat Literature          Definition Clinical death is the medical term for cessation of blood circulation and breathing, the two necessary criteria to sustain life. It occurs when the heart stops beating in a regular rhythm, a condition called ...
29.10.2013
      Definition First aid  Right Doctor to Treat Literature          Definition Renal colic - symptom, occurring in acute (sudden) violation of the outflow of urine from the kidney, leading to the development of the renal pelvis hypertension, reflex spasm of the renal arterial vessels, venous stasis ...
29.10.2013
  Definition Right Docotor to Treat         Definition A condition of depressed body functions as a reaction to injury with loss of body fluids or lack of oxygen. Signs of traumatic shock include weak and rapid pulse, shallow and rapid breathing, and pale, cool, clammy skin.   ...
28.10.2013
Definition Right Doctor to Treat                Definition Posture - the configuration of the body in the upright position. However, normal posture can be described as follows: the shoulder, pelvis, and eyes are level; the sagittal plane is between the feet, and the line of gravity ...
22.10.2013
        Definition Right Doctor  to Treat               Definition Lymph diseases no...
23.08.2013
Определение понятия (Что это?) Причины Механизмы возникновения и развития (Патогенез) Клиническая картина (симптомы и синдромы) Диагностика Лечение К каким докторам обращаться Источники       Определение понятия Кардиогенный шок (КШ) - это клинический синдром (комплекс симптомов), для которого характерны нарушения центральной гемодинамики и микроциркуляции, патология водно-электролитного и кислотно-щелочного ...
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