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Medical specialities

В медицине на сегодняшний день существует сотни медицинских специальностей. Ранее немногочисленные лекари изучали и лечили все тогда известные болезни. Сегодня же болезни той или иной системы организма лечит отдельный врач (лор, уролог, кардиолог). Также существует разделение специальностей в зависимости от возраста пациентов (педиатр – детский врач, терапевт – взрослый).

 

Стоит отметить, что от правильного выбора врача зависит длительность и успех лечения. Как правило, с разными проблемами мы сразу обращаемся к участковому врачу (терапевту). В его компетенции – вовремя заметить симптомы заболевания и отправить пациента к правильному специалисту. Это очень важная часть работы по лечению пациента.

 

Ниже мы рассмотрим около 70 самых важных врачебных специальностей.

 

 

 

Articles

26.03.2015
Definition                 Definition Neurology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous system; or, the equivalent meaning, the autonomic nervous ...
05.12.2014
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05.12.2014
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08.10.2014
    Definition             Definition Osteopathy is a type of complementary and alternative medicine which primarily consists of moving, stretching and massaging a person’s muscles and joints. Its practitioners claim that the health and well being of an individual depends on their bones, muscles, ...
06.10.2014
          Definition                 Definition An Intensivist is a medical specialist in Critical care medicine. This group of specialists have certification in a variety of surgical and medical base specialties including anesthesia, emergency medicine, internal medicine including its subspecialties, and ...
04.10.2014
Definition                 Definition Traumatology is the study of wounds and injuries caused by accidents or violence to a person, and the surgical therapy and repair of the damage. Traumatology is a branch of medicine. It is often considered a subset of surgery and ...
03.10.2014
Definition                 Definition Otolaryngology is the study of ear, nose, and throat conditions or ENT. It is also referred to as Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery or otorhinolaryngology.  Physicians specializing in otolaryngology are called otolaryngologists or by the nickname "ENTs" or ...
02.10.2014
Definition                 Definition A diagnostician is someone who diagnoses and treats a medical condition. By this definition, all doctors are technically diagnosticians. Making a diagnosis requires doctors to examine patients and, in some cases, run tests and review results to determine the patient'...
02.10.2014
Definition               Definition Cosmetologist — a specialist in the field of cosmetology. Cosmetology— the field ...
02.10.2014
Definition             Definition An orthopaedic doctor is a surgeon who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of bone and skeleton-related problems. This could be anything from a broken finger to a hip replacement, repairing damaged tendons or delicate spinal surgery. Orthopaedic treatments are becoming ...
01.10.2014
Definition                 Definition Cardiovascular surgery is surgery on the heart or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons. Frequently, it is done to treat complications of ischemic heart disease (for example, coronary artery bypass grafting), correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart disease ...
01.10.2014
Definition                     Definition Immunologists are scientists or clinicians who specialise in the field of Immunology. Immunology is a very broad branch of the biological sciences and is defined as the study of an organism's defence (immune) system, in both health ...
01.10.2014
Definition               Definition A neurosurgeon is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system including congenital anomalies, trauma, tumors, vascular disorders, infections of the brain or spine, stroke, or degenerative diseases of the ...
30.09.2014
        Definition           Definition Urology, also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on the surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs. The organs under the domain of urology ...
29.09.2014
Definition                     Definition A dietitian (or dietician) is an expert in dietetics; that is, human nutrition and the regulation of diet. A dietitian advises people on what to eat in order to lead a healthy lifestyle or achieve a specific health-...
29.09.2014
Definition                   Definition Medical genetics is the specialty of medicine that involves the diagnosis and management of hereditary disorders. Medical genetics differs from human genetics in that human genetics is a field of scientific research that may or may not apply to ...
29.09.2014
      Definition                   Definition An infectious disease (ID) specialist is a doctor of internal medicine (or, in some cases, pediatrics) who is qualified as an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. After seven or more years of ...
26.09.2014
    Definition           Definition An allergist / immunologist (commonly referred to as an allergist) is a physician specially trained to diagnose, treat and manage allergies, asthma and immunologic disorders including primary immunodeficiency disorders. These conditions range from the very common to the very rare, spanning ...
26.09.2014
  Definition               Definition Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. This includes a preoperative evaluation, consultation with the surgical team, creation of a plan for the anaesthesia tailored to each individual patient, airway ...
25.09.2014
25.09.2014
Definition               Definition Pathology is a significant component of the causal study of disease and a major field in modern medical practice and diagnosis. The term pathology itself may be used broadly to refer to the study of disease in general, incorporating a wide ...
25.09.2014
Definition                     Definition Medical toxicology, is a medical subspecialty focusing on the diagnosis, management and prevention of poisoning and other adverse health effects due to medications, occupational and environmental toxicants, and biological agents. Medical toxicologists are involved in the assessment and ...
24.09.2014
Definition                 Definition Endocrinology is a branch of biology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions called hormones, as well as the integration of developmental events proliferation, growth, and differentiation (including histogenesis and organogenesis), and also the ...
24.09.2014
Definition               Definition Cardiology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the heart be it human or animal. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in ...
24.09.2014
Definition                 Definition Vascular surgery is a specialty of surgery in which diseases of the vascular system, or arteries and veins, are managed by medical therapy, minimally-invasive catheter procedures, and surgical reconstruction. The specialty evolved from general and cardiac surgery as well ...
23.09.2014
Definition               Definition A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in treating the: Skin. Hair. Nails. Mucous membranes (e.g., lining inside the mouth, nose, and eyelids.) Dermatologists diagnose and treat more than 3,000 different diseases. These diseases include skin cancer, eczema, ...
23.09.2014
Definition                             Definition A proctologist, more often referred to as a colorectal surgeon, is a medical professional who specializes in diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus. A proctologist sees a variety of conditions in the course ...
23.09.2014
Definition               Definition Reproductive endocrinology and infertility (REI) is a surgical subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology that trains physicians in reproductive medicine addressing hormonal functioning as it pertains to reproduction as well as the issue of infertility. While most REI specialists primarily focus on ...
22.09.2014
    Definition               Definition Oral and maxillofacial surgery is surgery to treat many diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral (mouth) and Cranio-maxillofacial (jaws and face) region. It is an ...
22.09.2014
Definition                 Definition A dentist, also known as a dental surgeon, is a health care practitioner who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity. The dentist's supporting team aids in providing oral health services. ...
08.09.2014
Definition                 Definition Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with tumours. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist. Oncology is concerned with: The diagnosis of any cancer in a person (pathology) Therapy (e.g. surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other ...
08.09.2014
  Definition             Definition Plastic surgery is a medical specialty concerned with the "correction" or restoration of form and function. Though cosmetic or aesthetic surgery is the best-known kind of plastic surgery, plastic surgery is not necessarily cosmetic;[2] and includes many types ...
05.09.2014
04.09.2014
Definition           Definition Phthisiologist  is an obsolete term for specialist in tuberculosis. You should call a doctor,  if you have: Symptoms (such as a cough that may produce bloody mucus along with fever, fatigue, and weight loss) that could be caused by tuberculosis (TB). ...
03.09.2014
Definition             Definition Mammology is a specialized branch of medicine dealing with female mammary glands. A mammologist studies the structure and functioning of a normal mammary gland and treats various diseases of this organ. The modern medicine is capable of curing virtually any mammary gland ...
03.09.2014
Definition       Definition Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. An ophthalmologist is a speciali...
02.09.2014
Definition           Definition A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry. A psychiatrist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. Psychiatrists are medical doctors who must evaluate patients to determine whether or not their symptoms are the result of a physical illness, a ...
02.09.2014
Definition             Definition Psychotherapy is therapeutic interaction or treatment contracted between a trained professional and a client, patient, family, couple, or group. Simply, psychotherapy is a general term for treating mental health problems by talking with a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health provider. During ...
01.09.2014
Definition           Definition Pulmonology is the medical specialty dealing with disease involving the respiratory tract. Pulmonology is called chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves ...
28.08.2014
Definition           Definition Sexology is the interdisciplinary study of human sexuality, including human sexual interests, behaviors and function. Clinical sexologists facilitate clients’ sexual growth by helping them to identify their sexual goals and by offering education, resources, tools and techniques to help them meet those goals ...
27.08.2014
Definition           Definition Gynaecology or gynecology is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus and ovaries) and the breasts. Literally, outside medicine, it means "the science of women". Its counterpart is andrology, which deals with medical issues specific ...
26.08.2014
    Definition           Definition A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual methods to physically change body tissues. The definition of surgeon has begun to blur in recent years as surgeons have begun to minimize the cutting, employing new technologies that ...
21.08.2014
Definition           Definition A chiropractor is a health care professional focused on the diagnosis and treatment neuromuscular disorders, with an emphasis on treatment through manual adjustment and/or manipulation of the spine. Most chiropractors seek to reduce pain and improve the functionality of patients as well as ...
21.08.2014
Definition           Definition An emergency physician is a physician who works at an emergency department to care for acutely ill patients. The emergency physician is a specialist in advanced cardiac life support (advanced life support in Europe), trauma care such as fractures and soft tissue injuries, ...
20.08.2014
Definition             Definition Hematology is the study of blood, the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases. Hematology includes the study of etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention of blood diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood ...
20.08.2014
Definition                     Definition A pediatrician is medical doctor who manages the physical, behavioral, and mental health of children from birth until age 21. A pediatrician is trained to diagnose and treat a broad range of childhood illnesses from minor health problems ...
19.08.2014
Definition           Definition Therapy (often abbreviated tx or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis. In the medical field, it is synonymous with treatment (also abbreviated tx). Among psychologists and other mental health professionals including psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, and ...
18.08.2014
Definition           Definition A nephrologist is a physician who studies and deals with nephrology. Nephrology is the adult and pediatric study of the kidneys and its diseases. The nephrologist deals with the diagnosis and management of kidney disease. The kidneys are vital for maintaining normal fluid ...
18.08.2014
Definition           Definition Radiology is a medical specialty that employs the use of imaging to both diagnose and treat disease visualized within the body. Radiologists use an array of imaging technologies such as X-ray radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET) ...
15.08.2014
Definition             Definition Endoscopy means looking inside and typically refers to looking inside the body for medical reasons using an endoscope, an instrument used to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity of the body. Unlike most other medical imaging devices, endoscopes are ...
14.08.2014
Definition           Definition An obstetrician/gynecologist is a physician specialist who provides medical and surgical care to women and has particular expertise in pregnancy, childbirth, and disorders of the reproductive system. This includes preventative care, prenatal care, detection of sexually transmitted diseases, Pap test screening, and family ...
13.08.2014
Definition           Definition An andrologist is a medical doctor or licensed physician who provides diagnostic and treatment services to men with reproductive health issues. These professionals help patients who have hormonal disorders, fertility issues, and erectile dysfunction, among other problems. They conduct physical examinations, prescribe medications, ...
13.08.2014
Definition           Definition Family medicine is a medical specialty devoted to comprehensive health care for people of all ages; the specialist is named a family physician, family doctor, or formerly family practitioner. In Europe the discipline is often referred to as general practice and a practitioner ...
12.08.2014
    Definition               Definition Reflexology, or zone therapy, is an alternative medicine involving the physical act of applying pressure to the feet, hands, or ears with specific thumb, finger, and hand techniques without the use of oil or lotion. It is based on ...
12.08.2014
Definition         Definition A rheumatologist is a physician specialized in the field of medical sub-specialty called rheumatology. Rheumatologists treat arthritis, autoimmune diseases, pain disorders affecting joints, and osteoporosis. There are more than 200 types of these diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, lupus, back pain, osteoporosis, ...
11.08.2014
Definition Types of Treatments Neonatologists Provide         Definition Neonatologist is trained specifically to handle the most complex and high-risk situations. If your newborn is premature, or has a serious illness, injury, or birth defect, a neonatologist may assist at the time of delivery and in the ...
11.08.2014
Definition           Definition A trichologist helps people who have problems with their hair or scalp. The client may complain of sudden excessive hair loss from all over the scalp, a bald patch which has suddenly appeared, or itching and excessive scaling of the scalp. These are ...
08.08.2014
Definition         Definition The combustiologist receives patients with Thermal burns. Chemical burns. Consequences of burns — cicatricial deformities of a head (ectropion, microstomia), a neck, a body; contracture of large and small joints, cicatricial deformity of a hand and a foot. Posttraumatic skin defects and skin defects ...
07.08.2014
  Definition               Definition A Phlebologist is a medical specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of venous origin. The specialty of phlebology has developed to enable physicians sharing an interest in venous disease and health to share knowledge and experience despite being ...
07.08.2014
Definition           Definition Humans are hosts to nearly 300 species of parasitic worms and over 70 species of protozoa, some derived from our primate ancestors and some acquired from the animals we have domesticated or come in contact with during our relatively short history on Earth. ...
06.08.2014
  Definition           Definition Angiology is the medical specialty which studies the diseases of the circulatory system and of the lymphatic system, i.e., arteries, veins and lymphatic vases, and its diseases. In the UK this field is more often termed angiology, and in the United ...
06.08.2014
Definition               Definition Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), also known as physiatry or rehabilitation medicine, is a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities. A physician having completed ...
06.08.2014
Definition         Definition Sonographers are diagnostic medical professionals who operate ultrasonic imaging devices to produce diagnostic images, scans, videos, or 3D volumes of anatomy and diagnostic data. Sonography requires specialized education and skills to view, analyze and modify the scan to optimize the information in the image. ...
05.08.2014
  Definition               Definition A gastroenterologist is a physician who specializes in diseases of the digestive system, also called the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Gastroenterologists have extensive training in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions that affect the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), ...
05.08.2014
    Definition         Definition Somnology is the scientific study of sleep. It includes clinical study and treatment of sleep disorders and irregularities. Sleep medicine is a subset of somnology. Somnologists employ various diagnostic tools to determine the nature of a sleep disorder or irregularity. Some of ...
04.08.2014
Definition           Definition Pharmacists dispense prescription medications to patients and offer expertise in the safe use of prescriptions. They also may provide advice on how to lead a healthy lifestyle, conduct health and wellness screenings, provide immunizations, and oversee the medications given to patients.  Pharmacists ...
04.08.2014
  Definition         Definition Phytotherapy is modern herbal medicine at its best. It applies scientific research and the highest professional standards to the practice of herbal medicine. It takes its name from the word used in other parts of Europe, where plants continue to be provided by ...
16.10.2013
02.04.2012
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