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Main pageHealth A-ZDiseases → Инфекционные заболевания
Инфекционные заболевания

Как подсчитать, сколько микроорганизмов живет внутри нас, на нас и в окружающем нас пространстве? Наверное, это невозможно. Микробы – неизменные спутники человека. Одни полезны и благотворно влияют на нашу жизнь, вторые – просто соседи. Они не несут ни вреда, ни пользы. Третьи – враги. Они питаются нами, паразитируют на человеческом организме и, самое страшное, являются возбудителями смертоносных болезней.

 

Природа всегда на шаг впереди человечества. Люди научились бороться с, казалось бы, неизлечимыми болезнями, которые еще сто-двести лет назад выкашивали города и опустошали огромные территории в Европе, Азии, Америке.  Но они научились выживать в этих условиях и стали развиваться и приспосабливаться. Все новые и новые вирусы вмешиваются в нашу жизнь, унося все новые жизни. Попробуем разобраться хотя бы на бытовом уровне в инфекционных болезнях и научимся обходить и избегать их.

Articles

03.02.2015
  Definition Signs and symptoms Treatment Doctors                   Definition Diphtheria is an upper respiratory tract illness caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, a facultative anaerobic, Gram-positive bacterium. It is characterized by sore throat, low fever, and an adherent membrane (a pseudomembrane) on the ...
17.04.2014
      First  Literature             First aid  An effective strategy to diagnose and treat sepsis developed and successfully tested in clinical trials. The main points in the management of patients with sepsis are: • early diagnosis; • рurposeful immediate hemodynamic support; • early and ...
05.04.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Gonorrhea is a common human sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The usual symptoms in men are burning with urination and penile discharge. Women, on the other hand, are asymptomatic half the time or have vaginal discharge ...
02.04.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Herpes simplex is a viral disease from the herpesviridae family caused by both Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2). Infection with the herpes virus is categorized into one of several distinct disorders based ...
01.04.2014
      Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Congenital syphilis is syphilis present in utero and at birth, and occurs when a child is born to a mother with secondary syphilis. Untreated syphilis results in a high risk of a poor outcome of pregnancy, including mulberry ...
27.03.2014
      Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Syphilis is a highly contagious disease spread primarily by sexual activity, including oral and anal sex. Occasionally, the disease can be passed to another person through prolonged kissing or close bodily contact. Although this disease is spread ...
24.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Measles, also known as morbilli, English measles, or rubeola (and not to be confused with rubella or roseola) is an infection of the respiratory system, immune system and skin caused by a virus, specifically a paramyxovirus of the genus ...
21.03.2014
      First  Literature              First aid At food poisoning prescribe a pathogenic therapy aimed at detoxification, restoration of water and electrolyte balance and hemodynamics.Medical tactics is defined first of all by the severity of illness, rather than its etiology. The first urgent ...
20.03.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Chlamydia infection is a common sexually transmitted infection in humans caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The term Chlamydia infection can also refer to infection caused by any species belonging to the bacterial family Chlamydiaceae. C. trachomatis is found ...
19.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Scarlet fever is an infectious disease which most commonly affects 4–8-year-old children. Symptoms include sore throat, fever and a characteristic red rash. Scarlet fever is usually spread by inhalation. There is no vaccine, but the disease ...
19.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition The disease is caused by urogenital (vaginal) Trichomonas vaginalis - a one-celled microorganism belonging to the simplest class of flagellates, has a length of 13-18 mm (30-40 mm). Thanks to the flagella and undulating movements (undulating) membrane Trichomonas ...
18.03.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Mumps (epidemic parotitis) is a viral disease of the human species, caused by the mumps virus. Before the development of vaccination and the introduction of a vaccine, it was a common childhood disease worldwide. It is still a significant ...
17.03.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus found around the world. It is related to the viruses that cause chickenpox and infectious mononucleosis (mono). Between 50 percent and 80 percent of adults in the United States have had a CMV infection ...
14.03.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Rubella, also known as German measles or three-day measles, is a disease caused by the rubella virus. Rubella is also known as German measles because the disease was first described by German physicians in the mid-eighteenth century. ...
14.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat     Definition Ureaplasma and mycoplasma are among the smallest free-living bacteria. Unlike other bacteria however, these organisms lack a cell wall and live inside cells. However, they can also live in cultures outside of cells, similar to the way viruses live. Unlike ...
13.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), which causes infection of the lungs and breathing passages, is a major cause of respiratory illness in young children. In adults, it may only produce symptoms of a common cold, such as a stuffy or ...
12.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Adenoviruses are a group of viruses that cause respiratory (breathing) illnesses, such as a common cold, conjunctivitis (an infection in the eye), croup, bronchitis, bronchiolitis (inflammation of the lower airways) and pneumonia. Most adenovirus infections are mild. Adenoviruses can also ...
12.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Meningococcal disease describes infections caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis (also termed meningococcus). It carries a high mortality rate if untreated. While best known as a cause of meningitis, widespread blood infection (sepsis) is more damaging and dangerous. Meningitis ...
11.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Mycoplasma infection is respiratory illness caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, a microscopic organism related to bacteria. Anyone can get the disease, but it most often affects older children and young adults. Mycoplasma infections occur sporadically throughout the year. Widespread community outbreaks ...
11.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Rhinoviruses (RVs) chiefly cause upper respiratory tract infections, but may also infect the lower respiratory tract. RVs are the most common cause of the common cold. Although RV infections occur year-round, the incidence is highest in the fall ...
11.03.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Septic and toxic shock are complications of infection, rather than representing an infection in themselves. Severe bacterial infection causes a multitude of effects in the body. The body attempts to fight the infection, but sometimes the immune response is ...
10.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Legionellosis is an uncommon form of pneumonia. The disease has no particular clinical features that clearly distinguish it from other types of pneumonia, and laboratory investigations must be carried out to confirm the diagnosis. It normally takes between two ...
10.03.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat               Definition Chancroid is a bacterial infection caused by the fastidious Gram-negative streptobacillus Haemophilus ducreyi. It is a disease found primarily in developing countries, most prevalent in low socioeconomic groups, associated with commercial sex workers. Infection ...
10.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat           Definition Reoviruses have been associated with upper respiratory infections, enteritis, fever, and febrile exanthema in childhood. In one study in which volunteers were inoculated intranasally with each of the 3 reovirus serotypes, most infections were asymptomatic, but illness associated ...
09.03.2014
    Definition Right Doctor to Treat           Definition Pertussis — commonly called whooping cough — is a highly contagious bacterial disease caused by Bordetella pertussis. In some countries, this disease is called the 100 days' cough or cough of 100 days. Symptoms are initially mild, ...
09.03.2014
08.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat             Definition Infectious mononucleosis is an infectious, widespread viral disease caused by the Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), one type of herpes virus, against which over 90% of adults are likely to have acquired immunity by the age of 40. ...
07.03.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat       Definition Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) are a group of organisms, types 1 through 4, that cause several different respiratory infections. For example, they are the major cause of croup, which is an inflammation of the voice box (larynx) and windpipe (trachea) ...
07.03.2014
Definition Right Doctor to Treat             Definition Chickenpox (varicella) is a common illness that causes an itchy rash and red spots or blisters (pox) all over the body. It is most common in children. But most people will get chickenpox at some point in their ...
18.02.2014
  Definition  Right Doctor to Treat         Definition Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils most commonly caused by viral or bacterial infection. Symptoms may include sore throat and fever. When caused by a bacterium belonging to the group A streptococcus, it is typically referred to as strep ...
03.02.2014
    Definition  Right Doctor to Treat         Definition  Influenza, commonly referred to as the flu, is an infectious disease caused by RNA viruses. The most common symptoms of the disease are chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severe headache, coughing, weakness/fatigue and general discomfort. Sore throat, ...
03.02.2014
  Definition Right Doctor to Treat               Definition Acute respiratory infection is a serious infection that prevents normal breathing function. It usually begins as a viral infection in the nose, trachea (windpipe), or lungs. If the infection is not treated, it can spread to ...
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