Celiac disease, or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the small intestine characterized by malabsorption after ingestion of gluten in individuals with a certain genetic background. Clinical presentation can vary from full-blown malabsorption to subtle and atypical symptoms. Diagnosis currently relies on clinicopathologic studies including mucosal biopsy, serologic tests, and the effects of a diet free of gluten on the symptoms. Mucosal pathologic features are also variable, ranging from mild abnormalities, including intraepithelial lymphocytosis, to completely flat mucosa. Since patients with minimal histologic lesion of intraepithelial lymphocytosis often present with normal serologic findings, biopsy diagnosis becomes more important for identifying such individuals. Classification of mucosal pathology in gluten-sensitive enteropathy has been a subject of controversy among pathologists and needs to be revised according to the current understanding of the disease.