Drowning remains a significant public health concern, as it is a major cause of disability and death. Exact definitions of drowning have varied widely. Drowning was previously defined as death secondary to asphyxia while immersed in a liquid, usually water, or within 24 hours of submersion. Drowning is a process resulting in primary respiratory impairment from submersion in a liquid medium. Implicit in this definition is that a liquid-air interface is present at the entrance to the victim's airway, which prevents the individual from breathing oxygen. Outcome may include delayed morbidity, delayed or rapid death, or life without morbidity. The terms wet drowning, dry drowning, active or passive drowning, near-drowning, secondary drowning, and silent drowning would be discarded. Drowning usually occurs silently and rapidly. The classic image of a victim helplessly gasping and thrashing in the water rarely is reported. A more ominous scenario of a motionless individual floating in the water or quietly disappearing beneath the surface is more typical.
Notify a lifeguard, if one is close. If not, ask someone to call doctor.
If you are alone, follow the steps below.
Move the Person (Take the person out of the water)
Check for Breathing (Place your ear next to the person's mouth and nose. Do you feel air on your cheek?)
Look to see if the person's chest is moving
If the Person is Not Breathing, Check Pulse (Check the person's pulse for 10 seconds)
If There is No Pulse, Start CPR